1 Gerszten PC, Smuck M, Rathmell JP, Simopoulos TT, Bhagia SM, Mocek CK, Crabtree T, Bloch DA. Plasma disc decompression compared with fluoroscopy-guided transforaminal epidural steroid injections for symptomatic contained lumbar disc herniation: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Neurosurg Spine. 2010 Apr;12(4):357-71.

2 Roongrath C, Sompob P, Warat T. Result of Percutaneous Disc Decompression Using Nucleoplasty in Thailand: A Randomized Controlled Trial.  J Med Assoc Thai 2012; 95 (Suppl. 10): S198-S205

3 Adam D, Pevzner E, Gepstein RComparison of Percutaneous Nucleoplasty and Open Discectomy in Patients with Lumbar Disc Protrusions. Chirurgia (2013) 108: 94-98 No. 1, January – February.

4 Nikoobakht M, Yekanineajd MS, Pakpour AH, Gerszten PC, Kasch R.. Plasma disc decompression compared to physiotherapy for symptomatic contained lumbar disc herniation: A prospective randomized controlled trial Neurol Neurochir Pol. 2016;50(1):24-30.

Cesaroni A, Nardi PV. Plasma disc decompression for contained cervical disc herniation: a randomized, controlled trial. Eur Spine J (2010) 19:477–486 DOI 10.1007/s00586-009-1189-0

Woloszko J, Stalder KR, Brown IG. Plasma characteristics of repetitively-pulsed electrical discharges in saline solutions used for surgical procedures. IEEE transactions on plasma science 2002;30:1376-83

7 Diederich C, Yetkinler D, Nau WH, and Brandt L. Disc temperature measurements during Nucleoplasty and IDET procedures. Eur.Spine J. 2002;11:418.

8 Chen YC, Lee S-H, Saenz Y, Lehman NL. Histologic findings of disc, end plate and neural elements after coblation of nucleus pulposus: an experimental nucleoplasty study. Spine J. Nov-Dec 2003;3(6):466-70.

O’Neill C, Liu J, Leibenberg E, Hu S, Deviren V, Tay B, Chin C, Lotz J. Nucleoplasty Alters Cytokine Expression in Injured Porcine Intervertebral Discs. The Spine Journal (2004) 4: 115-118

10 Chen YC, Lee S-H, Chen D. Intradiscal pressure study of percutaneous disc decompression with nucleoplasty in human cadavers. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2003 Apr 1;28(7):661-5. doi: 10.1097/01.BRS.0000051920.45671.88.

12 Eichen PM, Achilles N, König V, Mösges R, Hellmich M, Himpe B, Kirchner R. Nucleoplasty, a Minimally Invasive Procedure for Disc Decompression: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Published Clinical Studies. Pain Physician 2014; 17:E149-E173.

13 Gerszten PC, Welch WC, King Jr JT. Quality of life assessment in patients undergoing nucleoplasty-based percutaneous discectomy. in Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine. Volume 4: Issue 1 (Jan 2006)

14 NICE – Interventional procedures guidance [IPG543].   Published: 27 January 2016: Percutaneous coblation of the intervertebral disc for low back pain and sciatica1. ISBN: 978-1-4731-1632-0.

15 Gerszten PC, Welch WC, King Jr JT. Plasma disc decompression compared to physiotherapy for symptomatic contained lumbar disc herniation: A prospective randomized controlled trial. Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska Volume 50, Issue 1, January–February 2016, Pages 24-30.

16 Stronks D, Huygen F, Groeneweg G, Aukes H, Harhangi B, de Rooij J. The Effect of Percutaneous Nucleoplasty vs Anterior Discectomy in Patients with Cervical Radicular Pain due to a Single-Level Contained Soft-Disc Herniation: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Pain Physician November/December 202023:553-564 • ISSN 1533-3159.